Music is a sound arranged in such a way that it contains rhythms, songs, and harmony, especially sound produced from tools that can produce rhythms.
Although music is a kind of intuition phenomenon, to create, improve and present it is an art form. Hearing music is also a kind of entertainment. Music is a very unique phenomenon that can be produced by some musical instruments.
Music is known since the presence of the modern human Homo sapien that is about 180,000 to 100,000 years ago. No one knows when humans first knew art and music. From archaeological discoveries at locations such as on the African continent some 180,000 years to 100,000 years earlier have shown evolutionary changes from the thinking of the human brain. With human brains that are smarter than animals, they make a more organized hunt so they can hunt for big animals. With these brain abilities, they can think beyond thinking and achieve imagination and spirituality. Language to communicate has formed between them. From simple language and speech to alarms and giving animal names, slowly some vocabulary appears to name objects and nicknames for someone.
In a sedentary life, they may be inspired to pick up the dried-up foot of game animals that feed them and then blow them and make a sound. There is also an inspiration when paying attention to nature by blowing a wooden cavity or bamboo that makes a sound. Wood was formed an inflatable hole and became an ancient flute.
Humans expressed their fearful feelings and elated using voices. Playing around with their voices is a song, hymn or small singing song inspired by birds chirping. Hardwoods and hard rocks are beaten to produce exciting sounds and rhythms. Maybe they accidentally knocked on a hollow tree trunk inside with a wooden stick that made a strong sound. The animal skins they use as clothing are also placed to close the large wooden cavity into a drum.
Prehistoric music can only theorize based on the findings of the paleolithic archaeological sites. Flute Is a musical instrument often ditumakan in pre-historical times and shakuhachi-like shape that comes from Japan. The Divje Babe flute made from the cave’s thighbone, which is estimated to have been worn some 40,000 years ago. Various types of flutes and stringed or stringed instruments have existed since the Indus River Civilization era, India has one of the world’s oldest musical traditions derived from the Vedas. The earliest and largest collection of prehistoric instruments was found in China and dates back to between 7000 and 6600 BC. Hurrian / Hurrian songs is a collection of written music in ancient writings unearthed from Hurrian in the city of Ugarit which is predicted to have been around 1400 BC
Grouping Or Styles
1.Music art (art Music)
Music Art or often called Serious Music and similar music (avant garde music, contemporary) is a term grouping the type of music that refers to the theory of European Classical music form or other types of ethnic music that is absorbed or taken as the basis of its composition. Unlike the popular music or music of the day, this type of music is usually timeless, so lasted for centuries. The figures of Indonesian composers who created this type of music include: Amir Pasaribu, Tri Suci Kamal, Slamet Abdul Syukur, Rahayu Supanggah, Otto Sidharta, Tony Prabowo, Michael Asmara, I Wayan Sadre, Iwan Gunawan, Dody Satya E. Gustdiman etc. .
Classical music usually refers to European classical music, but sometimes also to Persian, Indian, and other classical music. European classical music itself consists of several periods, such as baroque, classical, and romantic.
Classical music is a broad term, usually referring to music rooted in Western art traditions, Christian music, and orchestral music, spanning the period from about the 9th century to the 21st century.
European classical music is distinguished by its musical form, non-European and popular music mainly by its musical notation system, which has been used since the 16th century.  Western music notation is used by composers to instruct the music bearer about the pitch, speed, metrum, individual rhythm, and proper carrying of a work of music. This limits the existence of such practices as improvisation and ornamentation of ad libitum that is often heard in non-European music (compare with Indian classical music and traditional Japanese music) as well as popular music.
Formerly classical music in Europe was mainly used for the purposes of a song in the Church or a song for the King’s impersonation. Along with the development, start also emerging classical music that is used for other purposes, such as classical music that describes the visual audio, for example Cat and Mouse song that describes the cat chase the rat tau.
2. Popular music
Popular music is the type of music that is currently favored by the common people. This kind of music is music that fits the current state of the day, so it fits in most people’s ears. This genre of music can be found in almost all parts of the world because of the nature of his music is almost acceptable to everyone.
Jazz is a type of music that grows from the incorporation of blues, ragtime, and European music, especially band music. Some of the jazz subgenres are Dixieland, swing, bebop, hard bop, cool jazz, free jazz, jazz fusion, smooth jazz, and CafJazz.
Gospel is a genre dominated by vocals and usually has a Christian theme. Some of its subgenres are contemporary gospel and urban contemporary gospel. Actually this Gospel type song has a feel similar to Rock n Roll (because Rock n Roll itself is actually a fusion or a combination of Rock, Jazz, and Gospel), was originally introduced by black Christians in America. Some of the current examples that still really use the flow of gospel music are Israel Houghton. But now the understanding of gospel music has expanded into a genre of spiritual music as a whole. In Indonesia, gospel music wing pop and rock many popularized by musicians such as Franky Sihombing, Giving My Best, Nikita, True Worshipers and more.
Blues come from Afro-American society that evolved from western African music. This type then influenced many pop genres today, including ragtime, jazz, big band, rhythm and blues, rock and roll, country, and pop music.
Rhythm and blues
Rhythm and blues is the name of traditional music of Afro-American society, which is black pop music from 1940s until 1960s which is not jazz or blues.
Funk is a stream of music that contains elements of African-American dance music. Generally funk music can be recognized through a rhythm that is often cut short, sharp rhythm guitar sounds, dominant percussion, strong jazz influences, African-influenced rhythms of music, and the joyful impression that is found upon hearing it. The root of the funk can be traced to the type of rhythm and blues from the Louisiana region in the 1960s. This music stream is closely related to soul music as well as other types of derivative music such as P-Funk and Funk Rock.
Rock, in its broadest sense, covers almost all pop music since the early 1950s. The earliest form, rock and roll, was a mixture of genres in the late 1940s, with musicians such as Chuck Berry, Bill Haley, Buddy Holly, and Elvis Presley. It was then heard by people around the world, and by the mid-1960s some British bands, such as The Beatles, began to emulate and became popular.
Rock music later developed into psychedelic rock, then became progressive rock. Some British bands such as The Yardbirds and The Who later developed into hard rock, and then became heavy metal. The late 1970s punk rock music began to flourish, with groups like The Clash, The Ramones, and Sex Pistols. In the 1980s, rock grew steadily, especially metal developed into hardcore, thrash metal, glam metal, death metal, black metal and grindcore. There is also british rock and underground.
Metal is a harder musical flow compared to Rock although there are also metal bands that have songs with songs that seem slow. The hard-categorized Metal genre is where the song has a scream vocal, growl and the latest is a pigsqueal where the vocals are mostly used in hardcore, post-hardcore, screamo, metalcore, deathcore, death metal, black metal, electronic hardcore and others. In Indonesia alone the flow of vocal-style band scream has been found but still can not be accepted openly by the general public. Examples of bands: Indonesia is The Civil Wears Monza, DESIDER, Secret Of Murder, Deadsquad, Burgerkill etc. Outside is Asking Alexandria, Miss May I, The Crimson Fleet, Chelsea Grin, We Butter The Bread With Butter, and others
Electronic began long before the discovery of synthesizers, with tape loops and analog electronic music instruments in the 1950s and 1960s. The pioneers are John Cage, Pierre Schaeffer, and Karlheinz Stockhausen.
Ska, Reggae, Dub
From a mixture of R & B music and traditional musical mento from Jamaica appeared ska, and later developed into reggae and dub.
Hip hop / Rap / Rapcore
Hip hop music can be regarded as an R & B subgenre. Beginning in the early 1970s and 1980s, this music originally developed on the east coast of the US, called East Coast hip hop. In about 1992, hip hop music from the west coast also became famous as West Coast hip hop. This type of music is also mixed with heavy metal to produce rapcore.
Pop music is an important genre but its boundaries are often blurred, as many pop musicians are incorporated into rock, hip hop, country, etc. categories.
3. Traditional music
Traditional music is music that lives in the community for generations, maintained not as a means of entertainment alone, but there is also used for treatment and there is a means of communication between humans with their creators, this is according to the belief of each person alone. Traditional music is a local art treasury in the community. Traditional music in Indonesia, among them are gamelan, angklung and sasando. apart from the traditional music that comes from local culture, there are also traditional music that comes from the influence of outside culture such as gambang kromong, marawis and keroncong.
This Latin traditional music genre usually refers to Latin American music including music from Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. This latin music has a Samba subgenre.
Traditional country music is influenced by blues, and evolved from white American culture, especially in the city of Nashville. Some early country artists are Merle Haggard and Buck Owens.